Asthma Inhaler Tips
Subscribe to Drugs.
This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. Skip to Content. Patient Tips albuterol Print Share. How it works Albuterol is a bronchodilator - this means it relaxes muscles in the airways, widening them and allowing more air to flow into the lungs.
Caught without an inhaler during an asthma attack?
Albuterol preferentially acts on beta2 receptors, which are the predominant receptors in the smooth muscle of the bronchi the breathing tubes. It is thought to exert its effects by increasing the concentration of an important cellular messenger cyclic AMP , which relaxes smooth muscle and prevents the release of histamine and other mediators from mast cells. Albuterol belongs to the class of medicines known as bronchodilators. It is also called a short-acting beta agonist SABA.
Upsides Allows adults and children aged over the age of six applies to tablets or four applies to inhalation with asthma or other types of reversible airway disease to breathe easier relieves bronchospasm. Albuterol inhalation is useful at treating exercise-induced bronchospasm.
Tips to Stop Wheezing Without an Inhaler
Available as an inhaler, a nebulizing solution and as a tablet. Generic albuterol inhalers, nebulizing solutions, and tablets are available. Downsides If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical conditions, side effects you are more likely to experience include: Tremor, a headache, and nervousness. May sometimes affect heart rate and blood pressure, possibly causing chest pain and palpitations.
Seek medical advice if these side effects occur. ECG changes have also been reported. Albuterol may not be suitable for some people with cardiovascular disease, arrhythmia, high blood pressure, seizures, or an overactive thyroid. May aggravate diabetes and cause low potassium levels. Very rarely, may cause a paradoxical bronchospasm instead of opening the airways it closes them. Discontinue immediately and contact emergency services.
May interact with other drugs including antidepressants, beta-blockers, diuretics, and digoxin. Tips If you use an albuterol inhaler, ask your pharmacist or doctor to check that you are using it correctly. You may need to prime your inhaler before first use, or shake it prior to use. Follow the instructions provided. Most inhalation devices require regular cleaning or else they will clog. Follow the instructions provided on how to clean your device and mouthpiece Store your device at room temperature away from heat, cold, open flames and moisture.
Do not puncture or burn an empty canister. Avoid spraying into the eyes. Rinse eyes with water if this happens by accident. Albuterol relieves breathlessness but does not reduce inflammation. Needing to use albuterol more frequently than usual may be a sign that your asthma is destabilizing and you should seek immediate medical advice for a re-evaluation of your treatment regimen and the possible need for anti-inflammatory treatment such as corticosteroids to heal the airways. Deterioration of asthma can occur quite quickly over several hours, or it may take days or weeks.
Albuterol alone is usually not enough to achieve good asthma control in most adults and children with asthma.
Corticosteroids such as budesonide [ Pulmicort ] or fluticasone [ Flovent ] are often also needed. Always keep albuterol on hand at all times, and refill your prescription before you run out completely. Keep using all other medications as prescribed by your doctor. Seek emergency help if you have signs of an allergic reaction breathing difficulties, facial swelling, hives , chest pain or fast heart rate, pain or burning when you urinate, signs of high blood sugar increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, dry mouth , or signs of low potassium such as leg cramps, irregular heartbeat.
The treatment your doctor prescribes for your asthma will likely depend on your age, type of asthma, severity of your condition, and how your body responds to various treatment options. Finding the right treatment to control your asthma symptoms may require trying different options; and what works for you can change over time. Most modern inhaler-type devices for asthma came into widespread use between the s and the s. It has a boot-shaped mouthpiece into which a pressurized, medicine-containing canister is inserted. This design has been in use since You deliver a measured dose of the medicine to your lungs by inserting the mouthpiece into your mouth and pushing down on the canister while inhaling.
It may be difficult to coordinate your inhalation with the release of medicine from your inhaler. But this step is essential to ensuring that the medicine reaches your lungs the main goal of inhaled therapy. To decrease the chance that the medicine stays in your mouth, you can attach a holding chamber called a spacer to your MDI. Some MDIs have built-in spacers.
Spacers temporarily hold the released medicine, allowing you to inhale slowly, deeply, and at your own pace to get the full dose into your lungs. Some MDIs, called breath-actuated inhalers, automatically release a puff of medicine when you inhale. Be sure you know how to use whichever type of inhaler your doctor prescribes to you; and double check that you are using it correctly more on how to use an inhaler below.
If you have questions about usage or any instructions are unclear, ask your doctor, pharmacist, or healthcare provider. Instead, it contains a powdered formula that you draw into your lungs with a deep, fast inhalation.
Albuterol: 7 things you should know
This machine turns liquid medicine into a fine mist that you inhale through a mouthpiece, a mask that fits over your nose and mouth, or into your mouth alone. Nebulizers let you take your medicine while breathing normally, but they're more time-consuming to set up and use than inhalers.
Proper technique is essential when using an inhaler to make sure the medicine reaches your lungs as intended. Asthma medication falls into two general categories: drugs for quick relief and those for long-term control. These drugs relax the smooth muscles around the airways and reduce swelling in the lining of the airways. In some cases, usually for severe asthma, corticosteroids which reduce inflammation are needed. These drugs are taken either orally at home or intravenously at a hospital. Long-term control medication helps prevent asthma symptoms by reducing the inflammation that makes your airways more sensitive to asthma triggers.
These drugs are usually prescribed to be taken daily. Biologics These drugs are made from cells extracted from living organisms — such as bacteria or mice. They are injected drugs, taken every two to four weeks, to prevent your body from reacting to allergenic triggers. They include: omalizumab , mepolizumab , resulizumab, and benralizumab.
They are most commonly prescribed for cases of severe asthma. This medication is rarely used now. In addition, monitor your symptoms carefully. Keep track of what they are, when they occur, and their severity. A peak flow meter is an inexpensive, handheld device that can help you monitor your condition. It measures how quickly you can breathe air out of your lungs, an indicator of how well your lungs are functioning.